Lower Extremity Roman LEGends

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Gluteal Region - Superficial Muscle Grouping

Muscles

     Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius, Gluteus Minimus, Tensor Fascia Latae 

Arteries

     Superior Gluteal Artery (Superficial and Deep Branches)

Innervation

     Inferior Gluteal Nerve, Superior Gluteal Nerve

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Gluteal Region - Deep Muscle Grouping

Muscles

     Piriformis, Superior Gemellus, Obturator Internus, Inferior Gemellus, Quadratus Femoris 

Arteries

     Inferior Gluteal Artery, Superior Gluteal Artery, Internal Pudendal Artery, Medial Femoral Circumflex Artery, Obturator Artery

Innervation

    Nerve to Piriformi, Nerve to Obturator Interns, Nerve to Quadratus Femoris

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Femoral Region - Anterior Compartment Non-Quads

Muscles

     Iliacus, Psoas Major, Pectineus, Sartorius

Arteries

     Iliolumbar Artery, Medial Femoral Circumflex Artery, Obturator Artery, Femoral Artery

Innervation

     Femoral Nerve, Anterior Rami of L1, L2, and L3

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Femoral Region - Anterior Compartment Quads

Muscles

     Rectus Femoris, Vastus Lateralis, Vastus Intermedius, Vastus Medialis

Arteries

     Femoral Artery, Profunda Femoris (aka the Deep Femoral Artery)

Innervation

     Femoral Nerve

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Femoral Region - Medial Compartment

Muscles

     Obturator Externus, Adductor Brevis, Adductor Longus, Adductor Magnus, Gracilis

Arteries

     Obturator Artery, Profunda Femoris (aka the Deep Femoral Artery)

Innervation

     Obturator Nerve, Sciatic Nerve

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Femoral Region - Posterior Compartment

Muscles

     Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus, Biceps Femoris

Arteries

     Inferior Gluteal Artery, Perforating Branches of the Profunda Femoris (aka the Deep Femoral Artery)

Innervation

     Sciatic Nerve

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Knee

Structures

     Quadriceps Tendon, Patellar Ligament, Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL), Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL), Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL), Lateral Meniscus, Medial Meniscus

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Anatomical Leg - Anterior Compartment

Muscles

     Tibialis Anterior, Extensor Hallucis Longus, Extensor Digitorum Longus, Peroneus (or Fibiluaris) Tertius

Arteries

     Anterior Tibial Artery

Innervation

     Deep Peroneal (or Fibular) Nerve

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Anatomical Leg - Lateral Compartment

Muscles

     Peroneous (or Fibularis) Longus, and the Peroneous (or Fibularis) Brevis

Arteries

     Perforating Branches of the Anterior Tibial Artery and Peroneal (or Fibular) Artery

Innervation

     Superficial Peroneal (or Fibular) Nerve

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Anatomical Leg - Posterior Compartment Superficial Muscle Grouping

Muscles

     Gastrocnemius, Plantaris, Soleus

Arteries

     Posterior Tibial Artery and Peroneal (or Fibular) Artery

Innervation

     Tibial Nerve

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Anatomical Leg - Posterior Compartment Deep Muscle Grouping

Muscles

     Popliteus, Flexor Hallucis Longus, Flexor Digitorum Longus, Tibialis Posterior

Arteries

     Posterior Tibial Artery and Peroneal (or Fibular) Artery

Innervation

     Tibial Nerve

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Ankle

Ligaments

     Anterior Talofibular Ligament, Calcaneofibular Ligament, Posterior Talofiblar Ligament, Medial (or Deltoid) Ligament

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Foot - Anatomy

Muscles

     Abductor Digiti Minimi, Flexor Digiti Mimini Brevis, Flexor Digitorum Brevis, Quadratus Plantae, Lumbricals, Adductor Dallucis, Abductor Hallucis, Flexor Hallucis Brevis, Plantar Interossei, Dorsal Interossei, Extensor Hallucis Brevis, Extensor Digitorum Brevis

Arteries

     Lateral Plantar Artery, Medial Plantar Artery, Dorsalis Pedis (aka the Dorsal Artery of the Foot)

Innervation

     Lateral Plantar Nerve, Medial Plantar Nerve, Deep Peroneal (or Fibular) Nerve

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Foot - Clinical Correlates

Clinical Correlates

     Plantar Reflex Test, Plantar Fasciitis, Calcaneal Tendon Rupture, Gout (aka Gouty Arthritis)

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Vasculature

Arteries

     Common Iliac Artery, Internal Iliac Artery, External Iliac Artery, Obturator Artery, Inferior Gluteal Artery, Iliolumbar Artery, Superior Gluteal Artery, Femoral Artery, Profunda Femoris (aka the Deep Femoral Artery), Medial Circumflex Artery, Perforating Branches 1-3, Popliteal Artery, Anterior Tibial Artery, Posterior Tibial Artery, Peroneal (or Fibular) Artery, Lateral Plantar Artery, Medial Plantar Artery, Dorsalis Pedis (aka the Dorsal Artery of the Foot)

Veins

     Common Iliac Vein, Internal Iliac Vein, External Iliac Vein, Femoral Vein, Popliteal Vein, Anterior Tibial Vein, Posterior Tibial Vein, Peroneal (or Fibular) Vein, Greater Saphenous Vein, Lesser Saphenous Vein

 

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Nerves

Nerves

     L2-L4 Spinal Segments, L4-S3 Spinal Segments, Femoral Nerve, Saphenous Nerve, Obturator Nerve, Sciatic Nerve, Nerve of Obturator Internus, Nerve to Quadratus Femoris, Common Peroneal (or Fibular) Nerve, Deep Peroneal (or Fibular) Nerve, Superficial Peroneal (or Fibular) Nerve, Sural Nerve, Tibial Nerve, Lateral Plantar Nerve, Medial Plantar Nerve

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Bones and Ligaments

Bones

     Femur, Patella, Tibia, Fibula, Talus, Calcaneus, Navicular, Cuboid, Medial Cuneiform, Intermediate Cuneiform, Lateral Cuneiform, Metatarsals, Philanges

Ligaments

     Iliofemoral Ligament, Pubofemoral Ligament, Ischiofemoral Ligament, Ligamentum Teres. Quadriceps Tendon, Patellar Ligament, Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL), Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL), Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL), Anterior Talofibular Ligament, Calcaneofibular Ligament, Posterior Talofiblar Ligament, Medial (or Deltoid) Ligament

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Bone Landmarks - Femur

Bone Landmarks

     Greater Trochanter, Intertrochanteric Line, Lesser Trochanter, Gluteal Tuberosity, Pectineal Line, Linea Aspera, Adductor Tubercle, Supracondylar Line, Lateral Condyle, Medial Condyle

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Bone Landmarks - Tibia and Fibula

Bone Landmarks -

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Bone Landmarks - Foot Bones

Bone Landmarks -

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